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Yuri Milner's New Physics Prize  

2012-08-02 21:59:18|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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A new fundamental physics prize was created by the billionaire investor Yuri Milner. The initial nine winners was selected by Yuri Milner himself. Each of them will get $3 million. Unlike the famous Noble prize, which requires those ideas have been verified by experiments, the new prize takes the focus on the recent work. For this reason, some famous scientists who work on the string theory have never get the Noble prize, win this new physics prize.

Winners list (from http://www.forbes.com/sites/ericsavitz/2012/07/31/9-scientists-get-3m-each-in-billionaire-milners-physics-prize/):

Nima Arkani-Hamed, a particle physicist with the Institute for Advanced Study, in Princeton, N.J., “for original approaches to outstanding problems in particle physics.”


Alan Guth, a professor at MIT who invented the concept of “inflationary cosmology.”


Alexei Kitaev, a professor at CalTech, “for the theoretical idea of implementing robust quantum memories and fault-tolerant quantum computation using topological quantum phases with anyons and unpaired Majorana modes.”


Maxim Kontsevich, from the Institut des Hautes ?tudes Scientifiques, in Bures-sur-Yvette, France, for, among other things, “the development of homological mirror symmetry, and the study of wall-crossing phenomena.”


Andrei Linde, from Stanford University,  ”for the development of inflationary cosmology, including the theory of new inflation, eternal chaotic inflation and the theory of inflationary multiverse, and for contributing to the development of vacuum stabilization mechanisms in string theory.”


Juan Maldacena, of the Institute for Advanced Study, “for the gauge/gravity duality, relating gravitational physics in a spacetime and quantum field theory on the boundary of the spacetime.”


Nathan Seiberg, of the Institute for Advanced Study, “for major contributions to our understanding of quantum field theory and string theory.”


Ashoke Sen, of the Harish-Chandra Research Institute in Allahabad, India, “for uncovering striking evidence of strong-weak duality in certain supersymmetric string theories and gauge theories, opening the path to the realization that all string theories are different limits of the same underlying theory.”


Edward Witten, of the Institute for Advanced Study, “For contributions to physics spanning topics such as new applications of topology to physics, non perturbative duality symmetries, models of particle physics derived from string theory, dark matter detection, and the twistor-string approach to particle scattering amplitudes,” among other things.

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